Khabarovsk is the largest city in the Russian Far East, located 30 kilometers from the Chinese border, at the crossing of the Amur and Ussuri Rivers, about 800 kilometers from Vladivostok and 8415 kilometers from Moscow. Khabarovsk- is one of the oldest cities in the Amur region. It was founded in 1858.
Today, Khabarovsk is a major administrative, industrial, and cultural center of the Russian Far East. Its population is about 600.000 inhabitants.
It''s also a major scientific and cultural center with 9 Academic Institutes and branches of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 16 scientific research institutes, and over 10 institutions of higher education where students are trained in over 80 specialties.
Khabarovsk is one of the sunniest and greenest cities in Russia. The climate is pleasant all year round with bright colors of autumn, warm summer, snowy winter and sunny spring.
There are several theaters, including Drama Theater, Musical Comedy Theater, Young Spectators' Theater, Triada Theater (Pantomime), White Theater, Puppet Theater, Circus and Philharmonic hall. You can enjoy by the Far Easternwild animals, (including tigers, bears and wolves) in the Zoo Garden., to get acquainted with the culture of small indigenous people at Sikachi Alyan Nanai village and to admire by the cruise along the great Amur river.
Broad Amur River is especially well viewed from the observation deck at the city’s Cliff with gentle hills, an incredible abundance of vegetation, and the 19th-century mansions. Khabarovsk is also known for its monuments, numerous museums, theaters, magnificent embankments, parks, and squares. All this creates a special leisure atmosphere in the city. Besides, Khabarovsk is famous for its cleanliness and landscaping, so it’s worth a visit.
In 1858, two countries signed an agreement: the left bank of the Amur River went to Russia, and the right bank up to the mouth of the Ussuri went to China. The same year, the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia, Count Muravyov ordered to place the 13th battalion on the Amur. The soldiers, led by commander Yakov Dyachenko, became the first builders of the city. They had built the village of Khabarovo, or, as they called it at the time, Khabarovka, where the military, recruited migrants and penalized soldiers settled.
Khabarovka’s first development plan appeared in 1864. Three Sikhote-Alin spurs were named the “mountains”: Military Mountain, Middle Mountain, and Artillery Mountain. There, the military built streets and quarters, barracks, food storages, residential buildings, and merchant shops.
Sometime later, the military in Khabarovka were joined by civilian settlers from different parts of Siberia. They came here for furs and fishing. The first elementary school was opened in the village in 1873, while the first market appeared here in 1877. According to the agreement, merchants could trade goods made by Chinese and British manufactures and craftsmen free of any duties in Khabarovka.
The expanded settlement became a city in 1880. Thirteen years later it was renamed to Khabarovsk. The new city grew and quickly turned into a major cultural hub. It published a newspaper, had a branch of the Russian Geographical Society and even its museum. At the end of the 19th century, the railway from Khabarovsk reached Vladivostok. The two banks of the Amur River were bridged in 1916, enabling rail traveling to Eastern Siberia.
Khabarovsk regional center hosts many events of the international level – the Amur Waves international military music festival, the Craftsmen City festival of arts and crafts, the New Names Asia-Pacific Region arts festival and international sport competinitions.
What to bring from Khabarovsk
First of all, bring ethnic souvenirs associated with the life and beliefs of the indigenous peoples of the Far East. These are the famous Nanai Hupiku dolls and warm Nanai slippers embroidered with fur and national patterns, as well as handmade amulets and amulets made of stone, teeth and bones, leather goods with Far Eastern ornaments.
Also, you can bring some pine nuts and local delicious honey. Travelers often take local balms and liqueur made of honey, ginseng extract, juniper, and a dozen other natural ingredients.